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Senin, 29 November 2010

Procedure Text

Standard Competency :
*     To comprehend and express the meaning of short functional  and simple monolog essay texts in the form of simple procedure text accurately and fluently in the daily life context to access knowledge
Basic Competency :
*     To respond and express the meaning nuance and the rhetorical steps within the short functional  and simple monolog essay texts in the form of recount, narrative and procedure text in the daily life context to access knowledge
Indicators :
After having finished the lesson, the student will be expected to able to:
*     understand the concept of procedure text
*     mention the generic structures of procedure text
*     tell and write the procedures of making or doing something
example: some activities related to procedure.

(Cooking)



(Used handphone)
(activity of doctor)
A procedure is a specified series of actions or operations which have to be executed in the same manner in order to always obtain the same result under the same circumstances (for example, emergency procedures). Less precisely speaking, this word can indicate a sequence of tasks, steps, decisions, calculations and processes, that when undertaken in the sequence laid down produces the described result, product or outcome. A procedure usually induces a change. It is in the scientific method.
Purpose:
To help us do a task or make something. They can be a set of instructions or directions.
Text Organization:
  • Goal:(The final purpose of doing the instructions)
  • Materials:(ingredients, utensils, equipment to do the instructions)
  • Steps:(a set of instructions to achieve the final purpose)
Language Features :
  • Use of imperatives (e.g.: cut, don’t mix)
  • Use of action Verbs (e.g. : turn, put, mix)
  • Use of connectives (e.g. : first, then, finally, …)
  • Use of adverbial phrases (e.g. : for five minutes, 2 centimeters from the top)
The Definition Of Procedure Text
*     Procedure text  is a text that is designed to describe how something is achieved through a sequence of actions or steps. It explains how people perform different processes in a sequence of steps. This text uses simple present tense, often imperative sentences. It also uses the temporal conjunction such as first, second, then, next, finally, etc.
The generic structures of procedure text are  :
*     Goal/aim ( or title)
*     Materials (not required for all procedural texts)
*     Steps (the actions that must be taken)
How to make a sandwich (aim/goal)
You need (materials)
*     2 slices of bread
*     peanut butter
*     a banana
*     honey
What you should do are : (steps)
*     Take two slices of bread
*     Spread peanut butter
*     Cut up a banana onto small slices and put them on one of the slices
*     Pour some honey over the bananas
*     Put the other slice of bread on top

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